TREE SERVICES 

We aim to give our customers the best advice and actions to take when it comes to looking after their trees.  
We know that the terminology can be confusing, so to help you understand the processes, we've provided some info below.  
TREE FELLING / SECTION FELLING 
This procedure is the removal of the entire tree above ground level. The stump can be left or ground out. Tree felling is only possible if there is a safe area with enough room to do so. If space is an issue, the tree will usually be dismantled in smaller sections to ensure no other trees or property in the surrounding area is damaged. A tree may be felled for various reasons; it could be dead, dying or dangerous, it may have been planted too close to property or blocking out light, it could be causing a nuisance such as blocking drains, invasive roots, overhanging a boundary. We would always recommend you replant a tree for every tree felled.  
 
CROWN THINNING 
You may want your tree to be Crown thinned because you’d like more light or wind to pass through but maintain the shape and size of the tree. This process is where the foliage bearing branches – usually at the outer crown – are thinned, measured in percentages (ie. 20% thin). This can also help to produce a uniform density of foliage. 
POLLARDING 
This is the removal of the top of a tree at a certain height. It can be used on young trees to encourage multi stem branching from the point where it is cut. If your tree has already been pollarded, it is good practice to re-pollard it at regular intervals. Depending on the species, re-pollarding should take place every 3-5yrs. If this does not happen, then the union between the new growth become structurally unsafe. 
HEDGE CUTTING 
This is a good job to keep on top of, twice a year would be our recommendation for most common hedges. This ensures that they keep their shape and size but also helps them grow into a dense boundary. A hedge can provide privacy in your garden, as well as giving it structure and curb appeal. It can also grow so large that it blocks light from your property and becomes unmanagable. We can help to reduce the size, making it more easy to keep on top of and allow more light into your garden and property. A hedge is a fantastic addition to any home as it's great for wildlife. They make a cosy home for lots of birds, so we would ask you to be sure that no birds are nesting before booking us in to cut your hedge. Bird nesting season in the UK is Feb-Aug, however, birds can nest outside of these months.  
PLANTING 
We can provide a range of planting services, whether it be one tree or across an entire estate or woodland. We have lots of experience to know how to give your new trees the best start in life. We always suggest that a replacement tree is replanted if possible following the removal of a tree, so if your looking for one contractor to undertake the entire job, we can help! The best time to plant trees is between October and April. We also have access to a wide range of trees and shrubs at a great cost through our wholesalers, so we hope to be able to give you a competitive price, compared to those you can find in the shops. 
CROWN REDUCTION 
 
This is the process used to maintain the size of the trees crown (the foliage bearing portions), laterally and vertically and is measured in metres. This can help increase light into an area or to stop the tree from outgrowing its location. It can also help to reduce mechanical stress on individual branches or the entire tree itself by removing excessive weigh in the canopy. This is not suitable for all tree-types so it’s best to check with a tree specialist before considering. Some reductions are very minor and hardly noticable, where as some may need to be heavily reduced. The best time to undertake this work is late summer to cause the least amount of stress to the tree.  
 
CROWN LIFTING  
Crown Lifting is where the lower limbs of the tree are removed. This is usually required above roads, driveways and paths to improve conditions for vehicles & pedestrians, or maybe to allow more light into your property. 
 
DEAD WOODING 
This is the removal of the non-living branches/limbs from a tree. Common causes of deadwood are natural aging or external influences such as lack of light, disease or damaged roots. Dead wood does not necessarily mean your tree is unwell, however sometimes if there is excessive deadwood within the crown, it can be an indicator that there are internal health issues. It is always best to have it checked by a professional as soon as you can. Most of the time, it is impossible to remove every single branch with deadwood, so usually there will be a specified diameter that we cut to. 
STUMP GRINDING 
This is the process where a stump at ground level is churned out of the floor using a machine, which has a rotating metal wheel with sharp blades. Most of our customers will have their stump ground out once their tree is removed so that the area is usable, either for planting or turfing. Our smallest stump grinder is 2ft wide, so it can fit through most doors if access is a worry. If you don't plan to use the area again, then you should consider leaving a stump, the taller the better. This will create a habitat for lots of beetles and bugs as well as deadwood feeding fungi.  
Once a stump has been ground, we usually leave the grinded arisings to backfill the hole that has been made. If you wish to replant or turf the area then arisings will need to be removed and replaced with soil.  
EMERGENCY CALL OUT 
We are available 24/7 for any emergency involving trees. When storms are forecast, we ensure we have a team on stand by for any emergency call outs. We have dealt with plenty of dangerous trees in the previous years, involving trees falling onto properties, blocking roads, resting on powerlines and snapped branches still hanging in trees. Whatever the emergency, you can call us any time on 07738857619 or email mail@acutabovesurrey.co.uk and we will do our best to get someone over to you as soon as possible. 
 
 
Email: mail@acutabovesurrey.co.uk 
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